What is a Change Up Pitch in Softball?

Softball, an exciting sport, relies on strategic pitching to keep batters guessing. One such technique is the change up pitch. A deceptive move, it leaves batters baffled and unsure of their next move.

The change up pitch is a slower throw, designed to disrupt a batter’s timing. This cunning pitch masks its true speed, fooling hitters into swinging early and missing their mark. A well-executed change up can be a game-changer.

Unlock the secrets of this remarkable pitch and sharpen your softball skills. Dive into the full article to explore the mechanics, variations, and strategies that can make the change up pitch a valuable asset in your arsenal.

Understanding the Change-Up Pitch

The change-up pitch in softball is a slower pitch designed to look like a fastball until the last possible moment. The key to a successful change-up is maintaining the same arm speed and delivery as a fastball, making it difficult for the batter to recognize the slower pitch. 

The change-up’s primary purpose is to disrupt the hitter’s timing, leading to swings and misses, weak contact, or defensive swings.

The Importance of the Change-Up

A well-executed change-up can be a game-changer for pitchers, as it keeps batters off balance and guessing. The change-up:

  • Breaks the hitter’s rhythm and timing
  • Forces the batter to adjust their swing
  • Allows pitchers to conserve energy and reduce arm strain
  • Adds variety to the pitcher’s repertoire
how to throw a screwball

Gripping Techniques for the Change-Up

There are several ways to grip a change-up, each with its own set of advantages. The most popular grips include:

The Circle Change-Up

The circle change-up is a common grip in which the pitcher forms a circle with their thumb and index finger while gripping the ball with their remaining fingers. This grip allows for better control and is ideal for pitchers with larger hands.

The Palm Ball Change-Up

The palm ball grip involves holding the ball deep in the palm with all four fingers on top and the thumb underneath. This grip creates a slower pitch by reducing the amount of leverage and whip action during the release.

The Flip Change-Up

The flip change-up involves tucking the ball between the ring finger and pinky, with the thumb securing it from underneath. This grip creates a slower pitch with a unique spin, making it difficult for batters to read.

Throwing a Change-Up: Mechanics and Tips

The key to a successful change-up lies in maintaining consistent mechanics with your fastball delivery. To execute a change-up effectively, consider the following tips:

  1. Keep the same arm speed as your fastball to disguise the pitch.
  2. Maintain a consistent release point to prevent the batter from recognizing the slower pitch.
  3. Allow your grip to naturally slow down the ball instead of consciously slowing your arm speed.
  4. Focus on the target and visualize the pitch’s trajectory, trusting your grip to do the work.
  5. Incorporate a slight wrist snap during the release to add movement and deception.

Mastering the Change-Up: Practice Drills

To become proficient in throwing change-ups, it’s essential to practice regularly. Here are some drills to help you perfect this pitch:

  1. Mirror Drills: Stand in front of a mirror and practice your pitching motion, focusing on keeping your arm speed consistent between your fastball and change-up.
  2. Towel Drills: Hold a small towel in your pitching hand and perform your pitching motion, snapping the towel at your release point to emphasize maintaining arm speed.
  3. Partner Drills: Have a partner or coach stand at the appropriate distance, and practice throwing change-ups while they provide feedback on your mechanics and consistency.
  4. Bullpen Sessions: Incorporate change-ups into your bullpen sessions, focusing on location, movement, and disguising the pitch.

Signs of a Good Change-Up

An effective change-up will exhibit the following characteristics:

  1. Consistent arm speed and delivery with your fastball
  2. A speed difference of 8-12 mph compared to your fastball
  3. Late movement or deceptive spin
  4. Accuracy and the ability to hit desired locations

Common Mistakes to Avoid

When developing your change-up, be mindful of these common mistakes:

  1. Slowing down your arm speed, which tips off the batter
  2. Altering your release point or pitching motion
  3. Overthinking the pitch and trying to force the change-up
  4. Failing to practice the pitch regularly

Integrating the Change-Up into Your Pitching Strategy

Once you’ve mastered the change-up, it’s crucial to incorporate it into your pitching strategy effectively. Consider the following tips:

  1. Mix change-ups with fastballs and other pitches to keep batters guessing
  2. Throw change-ups in any count to maintain unpredictability
  3. Use the change-up as a weapon against aggressive hitters
  4. Analyze your opponents’ weaknesses and tendencies to determine when to throw change-ups

The Change-Up’s Impact on Softball

The change-up has had a profound impact on the game of softball, leveling the playing field between pitchers and hitters. This pitch adds variety to a pitcher’s repertoire and keeps hitters on their toes, ultimately making the game more exciting and competitive.

Frequently Asked Questions

How can I improve my change-up’s movement?

Experiment with different grips and slight adjustments to your release to create unique spin or movement. Additionally, work on strengthening your wrist and forearm to improve your wrist snap during the release.

How often should I throw change-ups during a game?

There’s no one-size-fits-all answer, as it depends on your pitching style, repertoire, and the opposing team’s tendencies. However, it’s essential to mix in change-ups regularly to keep the hitters off balance.

Can I throw a change-up with a rise ball grip?

Yes, you can throw a change-up using a rise ball grip. This pitch will have a different spin and trajectory, making it more difficult for batters to predict. 

However, it’s important to note that a change-up thrown with a rise ball grip may not have as much downward movement as a traditional change-up. 

It’s recommended to experiment with different grips and pitches to find what works best for you and your pitching style.


Mastering the change up pitch in softball elevates your game, giving you a competitive edge. With practice and patience, you’ll leave batters bewildered and boost your team’s chances of success.

As you step onto the field, armed with the knowledge and techniques shared in this article, remember that the change up pitch is just one aspect of a dynamic game. Keep learning, stay adaptable, and enjoy the thrill of outsmarting your opponents.

0 0 votes
Article Rating
Notify of

Inline Feedbacks
View all comments
Would love your thoughts, please comment.x